MIZO NULA MAN TAM BER – SAINGURI SAILO

Pi Lalsainguri Sailo, Phullen lalfanu

Phullen lalfanu Sainguri Sailo

Mizote hian nupui pasal kan inneih dawnin, a hmeichhia zawk hian man an nei thin a. Hei hi hnam dangten an ching ve vak lo a ni mai thei a. Mizote erawh chuan, hma sang atang tawha kan inrochun, tihdan phung a ni a. Chin dan ṭha a ni nge ni lo tih chu, mithiam ten an la chhui fiah turah ngai ila.

Mipa in Hmeichhiate kan lei a ni em:
Hetianga man in hlan hi, a lan dan chuan, mipa ten hmeichhiate hi kan lei a ni ber mai a. Hmeichhia te chu bungrua emaw ang maia ngaih theih lek lekin man an nei a, an man pek hnuah chuan, a leitu mipa ta a ni tawh thin. Man leh  mual sawifel hnuah ringawt pawh mipa lam ten hmeichhia (nula) chungah chuan an inti neitu hle ṭhin a, Man inhlan hnu ah ngat phei chuan, hmeichhia zawk kha mipa ta a ni fel hle a ngaih a ni. Chutiang a nih rual chuan, hmeichhe man kan inpek dan leh kan sawngbawl dan vel hi chu thil dang kan lei dan nen chuan a inang chiah lo deuh chuan a hriat bawk si.

Hmeichhe man a in ang vek lo:
Hmeichhe man hi, kan pi leh pute atanga kan rochhun, tihdan thin a ni a, chuvang chuan tun thlengin man kan la inhlan zel a. Tun hma chuan lal fanu man chu Rs 300 te pawh an lo ti ṭhin a ni awm e. Chutiangin Mizo hnam peng hrang hrangte zingah pawh, hmeichhe man kan inchhiar dan hi a inang vek lem lo a, Pachuau te pawhin an inchhiar to deuh ṭhin a ni awm e. Mizo hnam hrang hrang zingah hmeichhe man atan  Rs 420 hi tun thlenga hman tlang lawn tak a la ni. Tun hma kan nu leh pa, pi leh pute hunah chuan Hmeichhe man hi an in bat sak fo ṭhin a, tun laiah erawh kan in batsak ngai lo ti ila a dik awm e.

Mizo hmeichhe man tam ber Pi Sainguri Sailo:
Ka hriat ve theih chin a, Mizo hmeichhiate zinga man tam ber chu Phullen lal Pu Awksarala fanu upa ber Pi Sainguri Sailo a ni. Tumkhat chu Pi Sainguri hian inleng a nei a, a pa lal Awksarala chu an rawn bia a. Lal fanu Sainguri chuan pasal la neih rih loh chu a duh deuh a. A pa pawh chuan pasal la nei hrih lo se a duh a, mawihnai taka hnar dan tur a ngaihtuah rauh ruah a. A fanu man chu tam tham tak, a rawn be tute neihin a tlin loh tur khawpa tam chhiar chu lo hnarna atan a ruahman a ni awm e. Tichuan Pu Awksarala chuan a fanu Sainguri Sailo man atan chuan Rs 1500/- (Sangkhat zanga) a chhiar ta a.

 

Pi Sainguri Sailo pasal neih kum hi 1940/41 bawr vel ni a ngaih a ni a. Cheng sangkhat zanga hi  kum 1940-41 vel khan Rs 244000 /- (nuaih hnih sing li sang li) vel zet a ni. (Hei hi infogram.com in pawisa hlutna a chhut dan behchhan a chhut a ni a. Infogram.com in a chhut dan chuan kum 1940-41 vela Re 1 chu kum 2013-14 khan Rs 162.6666 a ni a. Tichuan khatih lai (1940-41) vela Rs 1500 chu kum 2013 angah khan Rs 244000 /- vel zet a ni. Chutiang zat zat chu  nei harsa tak a ni a, Pu Awsarala pawh chuan, an inlengte chu an reh zui mai a ring a ni awm e.

Pi Lalsainguri man atan a bûk zât hu Pawisa seng ngam:

Tichuan inleng Palaite chuan anmahni tirtu Pu Henkaia hnenah chuan an indawrna thu chu an hawn ta a. Pu Awksarala chuan a fanu man atan Rs 1500 /- a lo chhiar thu chu an thlen a. Pu Henkaia chu a lo lawm em em zawk mai a. Pi Sainguri man atan chuan, a bûk zât (Pi Saingur rih zawng ang pawisa) pawh chhiar se ka ngam ang chu” a lo la ti ta deuh deuh zawk a. Khatih lai khan pawisa thir an hmang ṭhin a, Pi Sainguri bûk tâwk ang vel tura an chhut chu Rs 3200 (Sang thum zahnih) a ni a. Khatih laia Rs 3200 kha, kum 2013-14 vel khan Rs 520533.12 (Nuaih nga, singhnih leh zanga sawm thum pathum) lai a ni.

A man pangngai bakah thil hlu dang pawh:
Tichuan, Pu Awksarala chuan a fanu man atana a chhiar chu a inleng Pu Henkaia chuan a ngam a ni tih a hriat chuan mak a ti hle a. Khatih lai khan Sailo lal an la ropui hle a, Pu Henkaia kha Paihte hnam ṭha a ni na a, Sailo lalfanu Pi Sainguri chu khaw mipuite pawhin an ui ve deuh a ni awm e. Mahse, lal Awksarala chuan, “Thu ka lo tiam tawh a, mahni thutiam ngei bawhchhiat chu a dik lo e” tiin a insawirempui ta a. Pu Henkaia hian pawisa Rs 1500 /- mai bakah thil dang hlu tak tak – Silai leh thil dangte pawh a la pe tel hial niin an sawi nghe nghe a ni.

Pu Henkaia hi Burma rama Sipai bungrua vel supply a sumdawng a ni a, a taimain a hausa hle mai a. Chuvang chuan Rs 1500/- chu a lo nei hle a lo ni awm a. Tichuan Pi Sainguri pawh, a pa thu awihin pasal chu a nei ta a. Hlim taka awmin chhungkua an din a, Shillong-ah te an awm hnuah, tunah chuan USA ah an inbengbel tawh a ni.

Pi Sainguri man to zia chu a hun lai mite sawi leh titi a tling a. Hriat theih chinah Mizo nula man tam ber niin a thang nasa hle a ni. Pi Sainguri hi nu leh pa thu awih tak, nula fel tak, hriselna ngaipawimawh mi a ni a. Tunah hian kum 93 mi niin USA ah a awm a, a hmel pawh a la tha hle a ni. Tun thlenga damna leh hriselna a la neih theihna chhan pawh, a pa thu a awih a, zuk leh hmuan a tih loh vangte niin a sawi ṭhin a ni awm e.

Mizo hmeichhe man tam ber Pi Sainguri Sailo, Phullen lalfanu hi, dam reng turin duhsakna ka hlan e.

 

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Awksarala – Phullen lal

Chief Awksarala, buata album JPG

Phullen lal Awksarala hi a hming a danglam hle a. Amah pawh hi pa danglam tak a ni a. Lal fing leh huaisen tak, pasaltha, rorel thiam, thatchhiat ngai thei lo leh taima tak, kuthemthiam tak, hriselna ngaipawimawh em em mi, fiamthu ngaina, Kohhran duhdan kalha rorel ngai lo mi, a hunlaia lal ho zingah pawh a hotu zinga tel pha a ni a. A chanchin sawi tur a tam hle.

Khandaih lal Vanphunga fapa a ni:
Awksarala hi Khandaih lal Vanphunga Sailo leh lalnu Lalkaichhungi te fapa niin, kum 1894 March ni 21 (Nilaini) khan a lo piang a. A pa Vanphunga Sailo kha lal ropui tak a ni a. Kum 1901 chhiarpui ah khan Vanphunga khua Khandaih kha Mizoram khaw lian ber a ni a, Zawlbuk pawh pahnih an nei a ni.

A hming phuah chhan:
Awksarala hming hi a danglam hle a, a hming phuah chhan chu hetiang hi a ni. Awksarala pian lai tak March ni 21, 1894 khan Awkin Thla a lem a, khua chu a thim mup mai a. A pian lai tak kher kher a Awkin Thla a lem chu mak an ti hle a. Chuvang chuan a hmingah AWKSARALA tiin an phuah ta a ni.

He Thla Awklem hi March ni 21, 1894 Nilaini dar 7:50:33 PM vela thleng kha a nih a rinawm a. Kha Thlaawklem khan dar kar 1 chuang a awh a, Mizoram atang pawhin a langchiang hle a ni awm e.

Kum 18 a nihin lal a ni ṭan:
Awksarala hi kum 18 a tling chang chang tihin lal a ni a. Kum 1911 khan a pa Vanphunga lalram chhung Thanglailungah khua a din a.  In 270 zet an ni nghal a, chutah chuan lal a ni zui nghal a. Hemi hma hian Changzawl hmunah Vanphunga hoin an awm a, Thanglailungah Awksarala lalah a thut tir a. Vanphunga chuan lalram zauh zelin Bawrhsapin a pek Vanbawng ram lamah khaw thar din san leh ta a ni.

Pu Awksarala hi lal a nih hian la nau hle mahse a felin lal nih chu a thiam hle a. Amah a lianin a chak tha a, ramvah leh hnathawhte a taima a, thatchhiat a ngai thei lo bawk a, a khua leh tuite pawh an intodelh phah hle a ni an ti.

Kutthemthiam tak a ni:
Pu Awksarala kha a kut a themthiam hle a, kum 1930 hmalamah daih tawhah khan Phullen Kohhran Pulpit tur hi amah ngeiin a siam a, a thain a mawi hle nghe nghe. Tin, thildang, Thingrem, Thutthleng etc te pawh amah ngeiin nalh tak takin a siam thin a. Silai kawm te pawh, a chhiat chuan a siam tha mai thin an ti. Tun thleng pawh hian a kuthnute hi hmuh theihin a la awm nual a ni.

Zaipawl Conductor a ni:
A pa Vanphunga kha Kristian dotu nimahse, Thlarauthianghlim zarah piantharna a chang a, Kristian tana tangkai tak a ni zui ang khan Awksarala pawh hi Kristian a ni a. Kohhran Zaipawlahte pawh phur takin a tel ve a, Zaipawl kaihruaitu (Conductor) a ni ve nghe nghe a. Zaipawl kaihruaia Solfa an vai phei chu, khawdang ten an awt thin hle a ni awm e.

Kohhran kalhin ro a rel ngai lo:
Kum 60 a dam a, kum 40 zet ro a rel hman a. Rorel thiam tak a ni a, khawtlang thiltih tur hnatlang emawte an rel reng rengin “He kan hun ruata Kohhranin hnatlang emaw thilpawimawh emaw a nei dawn a nih chuan, keini chu nidangah ti mai ila” tiin Kohhran a ngaichang zel thin a. A thlanlungah pawh “Kohhran kalhin ro a rel ngai lo” tih an chhu kai hial a ni.

Khaw chin a chhut lawk thiam:
A fin dan leh thil a chik dan kha mak tak a ni a. An in bul dam lamah leh nikang lamah lei a lai khuar a. Chutah chuan lung a dah a, lung phekin a chhin phui leh thlap thin a. Chu a lung dah chu zingkarah a en thin a, a chang chuan a fapa Lalngura te a entir thin bawk a ni awm e. Chu lunga tuihu a lo beh emaw a lo ro hak emaw atangin ruah sur tur leh tur loh kha a sawi lawk thin a. Chuvang chuan Phullen chuan lo an hal sual ngai meuh lo a, khaw thenawmte pawhin Phullen lo hal hun hi an ngaichang thap thin an ti.

Hriselna ngaipawimawh mi a ni:
Hriselna ngaipawimawh mi tak a ni a. A khua leh tuite damlohna emaw harsatna dang emaw an neihin, puih ngei ngei a duh thin a. Natna tlanglawn takte phei hi chu a enkawl dam ve mai thin a ni awm e. Khawmhma thur takte hi kaw thuah nan te a lo hmang ve thin a ni awm e. Tin, a fate hnenah zu leh meiziakte ti lo turin a fuih ngar ngar a. Amah pawh khan zu a in ngai lo niin an sawi.

Thatchhiat a ngaithei lo:
Pu Awka kha a taima a, thil siamte a peih em em a. A In ralah hian huan zau deuh a nei bawk a. Chutah chuan Thingpuite, Ser te a ching thin a. Intodelh loh kha a hlau hle thin. Aizawla a kal tum pawhin Thingpui chi a ak haw teuh a, aman a kui tiak a, chu chu a khua ten an duh duh a an chin turin a pe a. Thingpui pawh an intodelh phah hle a ni. Thatchhiat a ngai thei lo hle a, a khua te loah upate nen an kal kual thin a. An lo a lo hnim deuh chuan, “E khai, in taimak vei nen, in dam lo a niang maw? Kaichhante sawm ula” te a ti a. Mi thenkhatte erawh chu a kamkhat na viau thin bawk a ni awm e.  Lal in a kamkhat nih kha an hlau hle thin an ti.

Fiamthu ngaina leh inphahhniam theitak a ni:
Pa fiamthu duh tak a ni a, a khua leh tuite pawhin an ngaina hle a. Tumkhat chu an fiamthu a lo sang deuh nge ni, lal leh a upateho kianga tal tam ve tak Pu Rualhmima chu an khaw hmeithai unau hmeltha deuh chu zen turin, fiamthu titak deuhin an lo sawi phurpui fiam a. Chu hmeithai chuan amah Pu Awksarala hnenah thlenin, “Lei i chawi tur a ni” a ti a. Pu Awksarala pawh chuan, “A ni maw, kan lo thiam lo a ni, Lei chu kan chawi ang e” a lo ti dam duai mai a. Amah leh a upate chuan Vawk an chawi ta a ni awm e. A tul hunah chuan hmeithai lakah pawh a tlawm mai theite hi a fakawm hle.

Lalho zingah hruaitu a ni:
British in India a awp lai a ni a, Mizoram pawh min awp tel a. Khatih lai khan Mizoram chu Lushai Hills tih a ni a. Mizo lal ho Chief Council ah khan Pu Awksarala kha Vice President a ni a. Ziak leh chhiar a thiam bawk nen, a fingin a fel hle a, rorel pawh a thiam hle a ni awm e.

A hun hnuhnung:
Ram kalphung inthlak khan a nangching a, kum 1954 a Mizorama lalte ban an nih khan Pu Awksarala pawh hi a tel ve a. Khawtlang rorelna chu Village Council kutah a lut ta a. Awksarala hi a hrisel hle na a, thawhhah natna a nei a. Tichuan, Phullen lal Awsarala pawh chu March ni 30, 1954 chhun dar 11:00 ah Thawhhah (Astma) natna vangin Thlamuang leh hlim takin a chawl ta a ni.

Amah hi Pathian chhandamnaah a chiang em em a, a lawm hle a. A thih dawn hnaih, natna khuma a mut tawh hnuah pawh Pathianah a lawm a, chhandamna thu hi hlim takin Pu Neihruma kha a hrilh nghe nghe a ni.

Vanhnuaithata Lungdawh

Lal ropui Liankhama Sailo Vangtea a awm laiin, a fapa naupang Vanhnuaithata chu a chan hlauh mai a. Vanhnuaithata kuang chu a ur a, a ruh rote Khawdungsei lamah a keng ta zel a. Vanhnuaithata thihna Vangteah tihian a pualin Lungdawh a siam ta a. Hei hi Vanhnuaithata Lungdawh tih a ni a. Vangte hi tuna Phullen dai a awm hi a ni.

Ka pu Lalsiamliana hming hi kan lal Awksarala phuah a ni

Ka pu B. Siamliana hming hi Phullen lal Awksarala Sailo phuah a ni a. Hman lai huna hming phuah chungchanga lalte leh miliante an zahin, hming ropui leh hming chapo, lalte ngaih huat palh theih thilah mite an fimkhur teh lul nen, ka pu erawh kan lalte ngeiin hming chhuanawm tak an lo phuahsak hi ka ngai hlu em a. An phuah chhan ni a ka pute min hrilh dan hi kan tarlang ve ang e.

Khandaih lal Vanphunga Sailo te leh ka pu B.Siamliana te hi pute atang tawhin inngheng hnai tak an ni a. B. Siamliana te pu hriat theih hla ber chu Pu Chalchima Bawihtlung a ni a. Chalchima hi tuna Phullen rama Chalchima Tui hming put chhan hi a ni. Chalchima kha lal ina seilian a ni a. A hleitlingin, a pumrua leh a hmelte a tha a, a lo fel ve viau mai a. Lal chhungkaw zinga tel ve ta chu lal fapa ang maiin a awm zui ta a.

Chalchima chu a lo puitling a, mite pawhin an zah hle a, indo leh ralrun nikhuaah pawh a huaisenin salte a hawn nual avangin lal chuan a chawimawi hle a. Chhak leh thlang indo lai a niin, khaw khat pasaltha huai ve ve thu inhmu lo palhah pawh, an tawp mai thei lo a, Chalchiman ngawi tura an tih meuh chuan, pasaltha huaisente pawh an kimki dak niin Pu C.Nundanga (Pu Hrangsaipuia fapa, Khandaih) khan min hrilh nghe nghe.

A hnu zelah Pu Chalchima tu leh fate chu lal tan mi tangkai tak an ni zui zel a. Pu Siamliana pu Lalbonga pawh chu Khandaih lal Vanphunga Sailo khawnbawl upa min a ni leh a. Lalbonga kha Vanphunga Sailo khan kum 1906 ah Luangpawn ah khua a din tir a, Lalbonga chu a awp tir nghal a. (Hei hi Sangalkhawng angin nge lal puitling tak tak angin ka hre mai lo, Mahse Luangpawn lal hmasa leh khaw dintu chu Lalbonga tih a ni – Buata)

Chutiang chuan Vanphunga pawh khan, B.Siamliana pu kha a fapa ang maiin tlang hran a lo chan tir ve hial a ni. Mahse Lalbonga chuan lal nih nuam a ti lo a, Vanphunga hnenah a fapa lal tir zawk turin a ngen a. Hei hi British lo luh hnu a ni a, lal ho inhmuhkhawm nikhuaah Sailo lal ni ve ta chiah lo ta chu, lal dangte lakah nuam a ti lo a ni mai thei. A ngenna chu Vanphunga hian a tihhlawhtlinsak dawn loh chuan Sihfa ah Thangkaman Upa atan a sawm ve rengna chu chhan mai a duh thu a thlen hial a. Tichuan Pu Lalbuaia Sailo, Vanbawnga awm mek chu Luangpawnah lal atan Vanphunga Sailo chuan a dah ta a (Source Ngurthankima Sailo, Pu Lalbuaia tupa)  Luangpawnah hian hun engemaw chen chu Lalbonga hi lala awmin, Vanphunga lalram tan dai do ah a ṭang ve a ni. Lalbuaia lala a awm tak hnuah pawh lal upa tangkai tak a ni zui zel bawk a.

Chutiangin Lalbonga fate Thanghrima te pawh chu lal te nen an inngheng hnai viau zel a.  Lal chhungkua te pawh chuan, Chalchima tu leh fa, Lalbonga, Thanghrima etc te chu duhsak takin…. “Anni hi lal te tiropuitu leh siamliantu ṭangkai an ni e”  tiin Luangpawna a khawnbawl upa Thanghriman fapa a neih khan a hmingah LALSIAMLIANA tiin Phullen lal Pu AWKSARALA khan Phullen aṭangin a han phuahsak a ni. Lalsiamliana tih chu a hming pum ni mahse, tun hnuah B. Siamliana tiin hriat zui a ni.

Khatih laia kan lalte ropuina leh an lenna kha, ka Pu Siamliana te vang chu a ni tak tak hauh lo ang a. Mahse kan Lal ten hetiang hming ropui tak an phuahsak phal hi a lawmawm ka ti tak zet a. Kan lalte thilphalna hi ka ngaihluin, a ropui ka ti tak zet a, ka pu hming LALSIAMLIANA tih hi ka chhuang hle a ni.

 

Buata Bawihtlung
Date |12.052018I10:57PM