NAIK SABINGA BAWIHTLUNG CHANCHIN

(Sabinga hi ka pa (Ralliandanga) pa (Siamliana) pa (Thanghrima) PATEA a ni a, chu chu ka pu putea tihna a ni a, . Ka pa Ralliandanga, Ralliandanga pa Siamliana, Siamliana pa Thanghrima, Thanghrima pa Lalbawnga a ni a. Lalbawnga nau chu Sabinga, a chanchin kan sawi tur hi a ni. Ka Pu Siamliana Putea a ni. – Buata Bawihtlung)

Aizawl City Bus-ah Treasury square lam a\anga Sikulpuikawn lam pana i chuan a, i chhukna tur hmun an zawh che a ‘Sabinga Lung thleng’ i tih chuan hre lo an awm nual a nih pawhin, in thiam lo lo la, i lo upa ve ta a ni zawk e, te an ti \hin. Sabinga chu tunge a nih chiah a, eng vanga Assam Rifle meuhin mipakhat, Mizopa ngei leh nghal puala Lungdawh siam ta mai nge an nih, engtia tun thlenga a lungdawh chu humhalh tlat la ni ta zel nge tih pawh sawi tur tam tak a awm. Sabinga hian chanchin ngaihnawm tak tak a nei a, chung zinga thenkhat chu chhui kual thuak thuak ang.

Sabinga hi Khandaih khua Thangphunga Bawihtlung fapa a ni a. Khandaih hi tuna Phullen khua ni ta hi a ni. Sabinga hi a tu leh fate tan mai ni lo, Mizo hnam tan pawh a mi chhuanawm nih tling pha, infiamna lamah leh sipai lamah Mizote zinga mi hmasa leh hmingtha, sulsutu chhuanawm tak, Mizo Football Team Captain hmasa ber ni a hriat, Indopui pakhatna laia France ram kal, Indopui zawh tawh hnu pawh a France sorkarin lawmman atan a pawisa fai a pek zui leh hial, Mizo pa chuanawm tak a ni.

Sabinga pian kum hi chiang taka hriat a ni lo a, a kawm ve thin, a pa u fapa, amah aia nau hret Thanghrima, France ram kal ve tho chu kum 1900 a piang a ni a, chuti a nih chuan Sabinga hi kum 1895 vela piang a nih a rinawm. Thlahtute lamah chuan Chalchima Bawihtlung thlah a ni a. Phullen khaw hlui daiah hian Chalchima Tui a awm a, chu chu Sabinga pu pa Chalchima hming chawia phuah a ni. Sabinga thlahtu hriat theihte chu – Chalchima, Chalchima fapa Do\huama, Do\huama fapa Thangphunga, Thangphunga fa chu Sabinga hi a ni a, a unaute chu – Lalbawnga, Hrangkunga te an ni.

Indopui Pakhatna 1914-1918 lai khan India chu Bristish hnuaiah kan la awm a, kum 1915 chawhnu lamah British War Committee, a hnu a ‘War Cabinet’ tih zui tak khan France ram khawthlang lama hnathawktu indaihlohna chuan an ral dona kawngah nasa takin nghawng a nei thei dawn tih an hria a. Raldo mite chu hna dang thawk kawp tura hman a remchang si lo. Chuvang chuan kum 1917 ah Lushai Labour Corps chu din a ni ta a. Aizawl (Aijal) atangin Mizo (Lushai) 2100 zet te chu France ramah hian an kal ta a. Lushai Corps hi Lt. Col. Mayfai an a kaihruai a, kum 1917 June thlaah Marseilles an thleng a, an zingah hian Welsh Mission tirh a Lushai Hills a Missionary hna thawk mek Rev. D.E Jones (Zosaphluia) pawh a tel ve nghe nghe a, ani hian tawng te a let a, a zirtir bawk a, a tangkai hle a ni awm e. Chutianga ral hmatawnga kum khat chuang an awm chhung khan Lushai Corps (Mizo) zingah mi 71 vel zet ten nunna an chan a, hnu May, 1918 ah Mizoram panin an lo let leh a, June 1918 ah Lushai Hills an lo thleng leh a ni.

Labour Corps te hi Sipaite tanpui tu tura din an ni a. Thil tul hrang hrang, eirawngbawl, sipai mamawh thiar kual vel te, indona a sipai thite ruang senghawi te, kawng laihte leh thil tul awm ang angte an thawk thin a ni. Kum 1917 a Indian Labour Corps, France ram kal zingah hian Sabinga pawh hi a tel ve a ni.  Sabinga hi pa lian lam deuh, tlangval fel leh pian tha tak, hmel pawh tha tak a ni a. France ram kal Mizo 2100 zet zingah infiamna lamah leh inbuanah a thei ber (Champion) a ni thin. A rem hriatna leh a felna avang chuan an hotute pawhin an hre hle a, thil tihna hrang hranga a kaihruaitu pawlah a \ang deuh zel \hin. British sorkar pawh chu a chungah a lawm ve hle a ni ang, Indopui pakhatna  zawh hnuah pawh lawmman atan Rs. 850/- lai Sabinga hi a rawn pe leh a ni.

Sabinga hi tlangval chak leh tlawmngai thei tak mai a ni a, an khuaah pawh inbuan chak a sawi a ni. Tum khat chu an khuaah khawchhak lam mikhual a lo zin a, mikhual tlangval nen chuan an inbuan tir ta a. Sabinga chuan a hneh ngei turah an ngai a, mahse an han inbuan chu, Sabinga chuan a hneh ta tlat lo mai a, mak an ti hle mai a. A thian ten, “tinge kha mikhual tlangval kha i hneh loh mai le, i hneh ngei kan lo ring a sin, ava mak ve maw le!,” an ti a. Sabinga chuan, “Khai a, mi chhe fa a nih kha in hre na nge?” a ti a. Kha mikhual kha a rukin lo hre sa a ni awm a, mi chhe fa a ni si a, engtin mah sawi lang chuang si lovin a lo hneh lo der hi a lo ni awm a. Hmanlai deuh chuan inbuan nikhua ah michhe fa te hi an lo hlahthlem thin a lo ni awm a.

Indopui a zawh hnuah Sabinga hi sapram (France) atangin Mizoramah a lo haw leh a. Khandaih khaw nula hmeltha Zazawni chu nupuiah a nei a. Zazawni nen hian fa pakhat an nei a, vanduaithlak takin an fapa chu kum hnih mi lekin a thi ta a. Chutia a fapa a chan ta mai chu a lungleng hle a, Aizawl lamah a kal leh ta a. Chutih lai tak chuan Aizawlah sipai an lo la mek a. Sipai latu Sibudar hnenah chuan “Kei pawh Sipai ah ka \ang ve duh a nia,” a ti a. Sibudar chuan, “i duh chuan \ang la a ni mai a lawm, nang te chu kan hrechiang che a lawm, i \an dawn chuan intlar ve pawh a ngai lo,” a lo ti a.

Kum 1922-ah chuan India rama Paramilitary force upa ber Assam Rifles ah a lut ta a. France rama an awm laia a chet that em avangin Sap ho khan an hre chiang hle a niang, Assam Rifles-ah hian intlar ve ngai lovin a lut a, chumai bakah a luhtirh hian Naik rank an lo pe nghal hial a ni. Sabinga hi Sipai a luh hnu hian infiamna leh thil dang dangah pawh a fel leh hmingtha pawl tak a ni zui zel a.

Heng hun lai hian Mizo zingah sipai tang an awm ve nial tawh a. Mahse Mizo sipai te chuan sipai inkaihhruaina dan an zawm \ha viau lo \hin a ni mai thei. Kha tih laia Lushai Hills District (Mizoram) awptu, Superintendent hmasa ber Major J. Shakespeare-a chuan Assam IGP, Shillong hnenah chuan, “Mizo te chu discipline nei lo lutuk, Sipai a tang tlak pawh an ni lo” tiin kum 1933 khan lehkha a thawn a. Major J. Shakespeare-a lehkhathawn avang chuan Assam IGP chuan a hmunah ngei rawn enfiah a duh ta a.

Kum 1933-ah Assam IGP chu a lo kal ta ngei a, ropui takin an lo dawnsawng a. Mizoram a IGP lo kal lawmna atan tiin Football hmuhnawm tak lo entir an tum a. Mizo Football Team leh Gorkhali Football Team te chu inkhel tura tih an ni a. An inpuahchah nasa bawk a, an inkhel pawh a hmuhnawm hle a ni awm e. He inkhel a Mizo Football Team-ah hian Sabinga, Khandaih chu Team Captain a ni. Inkhelh hmain Mizote hi an infuih lawk nasa hle a, engti zawng pawhin an chak ngei ngei tur a ni a, chak loh ai chuan ball pet mai ni lo, inseh hial pawh huam tur a ni tiin an infuih lawk hial a ni awm e.

Inkhelh a zo ta a, Sabinga kahhruai Mizo Football Team te chu 2-1 in an chak ta nghe nghe a. Inkhelh laia Mizote huaisen zia te, an tumruhna te, chak tura an nawr nasat zia te leh an ralhrat (Aggressive) zia chu Assam IGP chuan a hmu ve vek a. Inkhelh a zawh chuan, Mizote sipaia \ang tlak kan nih leh nih loh enfiah tura rawn kal Assam IGP chuan, “Mizote hi hnam huaisen an ni a, sipai a \ang tlak an ni, tunah hian Mizo atangin Sipai 50 dang kan lak belh leh ang” a ti ta hial mai a. Hei hi a huhova Mizote sipaia an \an hmasak ber \um niin a hriat. Kha inkhelhna kha Mizote tan a danglamin a chhinchhiah tlak hle a. Mizote a huhova sipai a kan \an theih phahna a ni pawh a tih theih a ni. Tin, kha mi \um a Mizo Team te kha, mizo aiawh a Football Team hmasa ber an niin a hriat a, chuvang chuan Sabinga hi Mizo Football Captain hriat theih hmasa ber a nih a rinawm.

Mizo tlangval 50 rual sipai a lut thar te chu hemi kum v>k hian Sadhya-ah leh Kohima ah training tura tih an ni a. Naik Sabinga chu 2nd Assam Rifle buaipui tur hian Sadhya-ah sawn a ni ve nghal a. Sadhya Expedition an tih mai, Mizo sipai tang thar Sadhya a kal ho te chu Naik Sabinga chuan kaihruai ta a, an training-na hmunhma leh thil engkim chu felfai takin a ruahman pui vek a. (Dadhya / Sadhiya hi Lakhimpur district ni thin, a hnu a Dibrugarh districtTinsukia district and Dhemaji district ni ta, Assam a awm a ni )

Vanduaithlak takin kum 1935 khan Sabinga chu a damlo ta vak mai a, February ni 28, 1935 khan Dibrugarh-ah a thi ta a ni. Sabinga hian a unau (a pa u fapa) Thanghrima hnen a a sawi dan chuan, “Mi thenkhatin Holder i kai ve chuang lo ang, min ti ve leh ngawt \hin a, mahse hei  Holder chu ka kai ngei dawn ta si a,” tiin Holder a nih ngei tur thu a sawi a, mahse Holder a kai hmain a thi ta hlauh a ni. A thih chhan hi Malaria a nih a rin thu Prof. JV Hluna chuan a sawi.  Mizo pa lar, sipai chhuanawm leh hming\ha, Mizo sipai rual kaihruaitu Naik Sabinga a’n thi ta thut chu Mizo ten mak an ti em em a,  Aizawl khawpui a fan chhuak rang hle a. Mi ten an ui hle a, an sawi luai luai a ni awm e.

Kan sawi tak ang khan Sabinga hi a dam laiin a remhriain a fel em em a, infiamna lamah leh sipai hna hrang hranga vantlang chunglam a ni a, Sipaiah pawh Naik lai kai pha a ni a. A sulhnu hrang hrangte avangin Mizo mipuite mai ni lo, Assam Rifle pawhin a ui hle a. A ruang chu Assam Rifle chuan an la a. Tichuan a chhungte leh 1st Assam Rifle leh 2ndAssam Rifle te \angkawp chuan ni 26.05.1935 khan Sabinga pualin Khatla, Aizawl-ah lung an dawh ta a. He lung hi Assam Rifle Ex. Association chuan an tuaihnum zel a, Advisory Board, Tribal Art and Culture Mizoram chuan a humhalh zui ta reng a ni. He lungdawh hi tunah hian Upper Khatla, Aizawlah hian hmuh theihin a la ding a ni.

A nupui Zazawni nen hian an rei an innei lo va, an in\hen ve leh mai a. A fapa thi ta bakah khan fanu pakhat a Lalbuati a nei a, ani hian Karen leh Scott thlah pawlh pasalah a nei a, Lalbuati tu leh fate chu Kawnpui leh Aizawl ah te an awm a, Sabinga unaute tu leh fate chu tunah hian Aizawl, Phullen, Luangpawn ah te an la awm a ni. Sabinga hi a hmel\ha hle na a, nupui a \hen takah khan nupui nei lovin a thi zui ta hlauh a ni.

By – Buata Bawihtlung, Phullen: 4th March 2015

# Thu lakna leh biang biakte –

  1. Pu B. Ngurchhawna, Phullen (Khandaih)
  2. Pi Solfathangi, Tuikhuahtlang
  3. Prof.JV Hluna, Sikulpuikawn
  4. Pu B.Rothangpuia, Phullen (Khandaih)
  5. Pu C. Nundanga, Chhinga veng, Aizawl.
  6. The Lushai Brigade (without Lushai!) – by lushai_er 
  7. North East and the First World War – Pratap Chetri 
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