NAIK SABINGA LUSHAI BAWIHTLUNG – KHANDAIH

 

Sabinga Lung hi Aizawl Upper Khatla a awm a ni.  Rual u deuh te chuan an la hre viau na a, thangthar naupang deuhte erawh hi chuan hre lo kan tam ta viau awm e.

Sabinga chu tunge a nih a, eng vanga Assam Rifle ten a puala Lungdawh an siam a, tun thlenga chu lungdawh chu humhalh a la nih tak le! Mithiam leh hre zawkte sawi fawmkhawmin, Sabinga chanchin ngaihnawm tak tak thenkhat hi han sawi chhawng ve ila.

Sabinga hi Khandaih khua Thangphunga Bawihtlung fapa a ni a. Khandaih hi tuna Phullen khua ni ta hi a ni. A unaute chu – Lalbonga, Hrangkunga te an ni. A pian kum hi chiang taka hriat ni lo mahse, 1895 vel a nih a rinawm.

Mizo Football Team Captain hmasa ber ni a hriat, Indopui pakhatna laia France ram kal zinga sorkar hriat hlawh khawp a hming  chher, Indopui zawh hnu pawh a British sorkarin lawmman atan a pawisa fai a pek zui leh hial, Mizo tlangval tlawmngai, sulsutu chuanawm tak a ni.

Indopui Pakhatna 1914-1918 lai khan India chu Bristish hnuaiah kan la awm a, kum 1915 chawhnu lamah British War Committee, a hnu a ‘War Cabinet’ tih zui tak khan, France ram khawthlang lama hnathawktu indaihlohna chuan an ral dona kawngah nasa takin nghawng a nei thei dawn tih an hria a. Ral do mite chu hna dang thawk kawp tura hman a remchang si lo. Kum 1917 ah Lushai Labour Corps chu din a ni ta a. Aizawl (Aijal) atangin Mizo (Lushai) 2100 zet te chu France ramah hian an kal ta a.

Labour Corps te hi Sipaite ṭanpui tu tura din an ni a. Thil tul hrang hrang, eirawngbawl, sipai mamawh thiar kual vel te, indona a sipai thite ruang senghawi te, kawng laihte leh thil tul awm ang angte an thawk thin a ni.

Lushai Corps hi Lt. Col. Mayfair an a kaihruai a, kum 1917 June thlaah Marseilles an thleng a, an zingah hian Zosap missionary (Welsh Mission tirh) a thawk mek Rev. D.E Jones (Zosaphluia) pawh a tel ve nghe nghe a, ani hian tawng te a let a, a zirtir bawk a, a tangkai hle a ni awm e.

Chutianga ral hmatawnga kum khat chuang an awm chhung khan, Lushai Corps (Mizo) zingah mi 71 vel zet ten nunna an chan a. Kum 1918 May thla ah Mizoram panin an lo let leh a, June 1918 ah Lushai Hills an lo thleng leh a ni. France ram kal zingah hian Sabinga hi a tel ve a ni.

Sabinga hi pa lian lam deuh, tlangval fel leh pian tha tak, hmel pawh tha ve tak a ni a. France ram kal Mizo tlangval rual 2100 zet zingah infiamna lamah Sabinga hi a thei ber (Champion) a ni thin. A rem hriatna leh a felna te, a tlawmngaih leh taimakna avang chuan an hotute pawhin an hre hle a, thil tihna hrang hranga a kaihruaitu pawlah a tang deuh zel thin. British sorkar pawh chu a chungah a lawm ve hle a ni ang, Indopui pakhatna  zawh hnuah pawh lawmman atan Rs. 850/- lai Sabinga hi a rawn pe leh a ni.

Sabinga hi tlangval lai pawhin, chak leh tlawmngai thei tak mai, an khuaah pawh inbuan chak a sawi a ni ve a. Tum khat chu an khuaah khawchhak lam mikhual a lo zin a. Mikhual tlangval nen chuan an inbuan tir ta a. Sabinga chuan hneh ngei tura an ngaih laiin, a hneh ta tlat lo mai, mak an ti hle a. Mikhual tlangval awm loh hnuah, a thian ten, “tinge kha mikhual tlangval kha i hneh loh mai le, i hneh ngei kan lo ring a sin, ava mak ve maw le!,” an ti a. Sabinga chuan, “Khai a, fahrah a nih kha in hre na nge?” a ti mai a. Kha mikhual kha a rukin fahrah a ni tih a lo hre sa a, chuvang chuan ngawi rengin lo hneh lo der hi a lo ni awm a. Hmanlai deuh chuan inbuan nikhua ah fahrah te hi an lo hlahthlem thin a lo ni awm a.

France atanga an lo haw hnuah Khandaih khaw nula hmeltha Zazawni chu nupuiah a nei a. Zazawni nen hian fa pakhat an nei a, vanduaithlak takin an fapa chu kum hnih mi lekin a thi ta a. Chutia a fapa a chan ta mai chu a lungleng hle a, Aizawl lamah a kal leh ta a. Zazawni nen pawh an inthen zui a. Chutih lai tak chuan Aizawlah sipai an lo la mek a. Sipai latu Sibudar hnenah chuan “Kei pawh Sipai ah ka tang ve duh asin” a ti a. Sibudar chuan, “i duh a thu a ni mai lawm, nang te chu kan hrechiang che a lawm, i tan dawn chuan i intlar ve pawh a ngai lo,” a lo ti a.

Kum 1922-ah India rama Paramilitary force upa ber Assam Rifles ah chuan a lut ta a. France rama an awm laia a chet that em avangin Sap ho khan an hre chiang hle a niang, Assam Rifles-ah hian intlar ve lovin a lut ta a. Sipai a a luh hnu hian infiamna leh thil dang dangah pawh a fel leh hmingtha pawl tak a ni zui zel a. Lance Naik a ni nghal thuai a.

He tih hun laia Mizo sipai tang awm chhunte chuan sipai inkaihhruaina dan an zawm tha viau lo thin a ni awm e. Kha tih laia Lushai Hills District (Mizoram) awptu, Superintendent hmasa ber Major J. Shakespeare-a chuan Assam IGP, Shillong hnenah chuan, “Mizo te chu discipline nei lo lutuk, Sipai a tang tlak pawh an ni lo” tiin kum 1933 khan lehkha a thawn a. Major J. Shakespeare-a lehkhathawn avang chuan Assam IGP chuan a hmunah ngei rawn enfiah a duh ta a.

Kum 1933-ah Assam IGP chu Aizawl ah a lo kal ta ngei a. Assam Rifles te hi IGP hnuaia awm an ni a. A lo kal lawmnan tiin Football hmuhnawm tak lo entir an tum a. Mizo Football Team leh Gorkhali Football Team te chu inkhel tura tih an ni a. An inpuahchah nasa bawk a, an inkhel pawh a hmuhnawm hle a ni awm e. He inkhel ah hian Sabinga chu Mizo Football Team Captain a ni a.  Inkhelh hmain Mizote hi an infuih lawk nasa hle a. Engti zawng pawhin an chak ngei ngei tur a ni a, chak loh ai chuan lehlam pawl te chu seh hial pawh huam tur a ni tiin, an infuih lawk hial a ni awm e.

Inkhelh a zo ta a, Sabinga kahhruai Mizo Football Team te chu 2-1 in an chak ta a. Inkhelh laia Mizote huaisen zia te, an tumruhna te, chak tura an nawr nasat zia te leh an ralhrat (Aggressive) zia chu Assam IGP chuan a hmu ve vek a. Inkhelh a zawh chuan, Mizote sipaia tang tlak kan nih leh nih loh enfiah tura rawn kal Assam IGP chuan, “Mizote hi hnam huaisen an ni a, sipai a tang tlak an ni, tunah hian Mizo atangin Sipai 50 dang kan lak belh leh ang” a ti ta hial zawk a.

Kum 1934 khan Mizo 50 te chu Sipai ah an lak belh ta a. Hei hi a huhova Mizote sipaia kan tan hmasak ber tum niin a hriat. Kha inkhelhna kha Mizote tan a danglamin a chhinchhiah tlak hle a. Mizote a huhova sipai a kan tan theih phahna a ni pawh a tih theih a ni. Tin, kha mi tum a Mizo Team te kha, Mizo hming chawi a Football Team hmasa ber niin a hriat a. Chuvang chuan Sabinga hi Mizo Football Captain hriat theih hmasa ber a ni awm e.

Mizo tlangval 50 rual sipai a lut thar te chu hmun hnih a thenin, hemi kum vêk hian Sadhya-ah leh Kohima ah training tura tih an ni a. Lance Naik Sabinga pawh Naik ah a kaisang a, 2nd Battalion Assam Rifles, Sadhya-ah sawn a ni ve nghal a. Sabinga kaihruaina hnuainain Mizo sipai 25 te chu Sadhya ah chuan tluang takin an kal ta a. Mizo tlangval rual, a huhova Sipai lut tur chu ropui leh urhsun takin Mission veng Biak In ah an thlah hial a ni. (Dadhya / Sadhiya hi Lakhimpur district ni thin, a hnu a Dibrugarh district, Tinsukia district and Dhemaji district ni ta, Assam a awm a ni awm e)

    Kum khat pawh a awm tlin hma, awm hmun an bengbel awrh tih ah Sabinga chu China ramri lamah enthlatu (spy) hna thawkin an tir a. Chutah chuan vanduaithlak takin thing zar, vur in a bawm khah luk, rit tak tliak chuan Sabinga chu a tlak ta a, a thluak tuamtu a thler a.  Tichuan February ni 28, 1935 khan Dibrugarh-ah a thi ta a ni.

Sabinga hi a hna ah a felin a tluang hle a. A unau (a pa u fapa) Thanghrima hnen a a sawi dan chuan, “Kutze entu khan, ‘Holder i kai lo ang’ min ti ve ngawt a, mahse hei  Holder chu ka kai ngei dawn chu a ni si a,” tiin Holder a nih ngei tur thu Pu Thanghrima a hrilh a. Mahse, Holder a kai hmain a thi ta hlauh a ni.

Mizo pa lar, sipai chhuanawm leh hmingtha, Mizo sipai rual kaihruaitu Naik Sabinga a thi ta thut mai chu Mizo ten mak an ti em em a, Aizawl khawpui a fan chhuak rang hle a. Mi ten an ui hle a, an sawi luai luai a ni awm e.

A ruang chu Assam Rifle chuan an la a. Sabinga chhungte leh 1st Assam Rifle leh 2nd Assam Rifle te tangkawp chuan ni 26.05.1935 khan Sabinga pualin Khatla, Aizawl-ah Sabinga Lung chu mawi takin an phun ta a. Sabinga Lung phun ni hian Sorkar mi lian leh Aizawl mi pawimawh hrang hrang, sipai lal te, Aizawl pastor leh Mizoram awptu lal ber Bawrhsap Major MC Call pawh a tel a.

Hav. Pakunga chu Bible chhiarin a tawngtai a, Sipai lal (Assam Rifle Commandant) A.L. Fell chuan Sabinga Lung khuhna British Flag chu urhsun takin a hawng a. Ropui takin Sipai danin zahna lantir chunga thlah liam a ni. Sabinga hi Mizo zinga British flag nena thlah liam hmasak ber ni a hriat a ni.

He lung hi Assam Rifle Ex. Association chuan an tuaihnum zel a, Advisory Board, Tribal Art and Culture Mizoram chuan a humhalh zui ta reng a ni. He lungdawh hi tunah hian Upper Khatla, Aizawlah hian hmuh theihin a la ding a ni.

 

By – Buata Bawihtlung, Phullen: 4th March 2015 (Edited on 12.1.2017)

# Thu lakna leh biang biakte –

Pu B. Ngurchhawna, Phullen (Khandaih)

Pi Solfathangi, Tuikhuahtlang

Prof.JV Hluna, Sikulpuikawn

Pu B.Rothangpuia, Phullen (Khandaih)

Pu C. Nundanga, Chhinga veng, Aizawl.

The Lushai Brigade (without Lushai!) – by lushai_er

North East and the First World War – Pratap Chetri

Sabinga Lung – Hony Capt R. Lawma (MUP Tlangau)

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